Our mouths are used for many important tasks, such as breathing, eating, and speaking. But it is an unfortunate fact that our mouths have an increased risk for disorders and infections known as oral pathology. The term oral pathology refers to any disease that develops inside the mouth, salivary glands, or jaws. Tumors, whether they are benign or cancerous, malignant tumors, can be found in the oral and facial region. Dr. Hernandez has extensive training and experience in diagnosing and managing oral pathologies.
Pain, bleeding, swelling, and discoloration are often hallmark signs of the start of unusual growths of the face. At the earliest sign, please consult your physician for an examination and seek a referral for appropriate care. Regular checkups can also lead to early detection. A trained professional can often detect abnormal tissue and catch pathologies at an early stage.
What are the symptoms of oral pathology?
Symptoms that may be indicative of oral pathology include
- A lump or thickening on the skin lining the inside of the mouth
- A sore that fails to heal and bleeds easily
- Reddish patches (erythroplasia) or whitish patches (leukoplakia) in the mouth
- A chronic sore throat or hoarseness
- Difficulty in chewing or swallowing
One of the most common areas that will show infection is the smooth, coral pink-colored lining of your mouth called mucosa. If you notice an irregularity in the appearance of your mouth’s lining or structures, such as the tongue or tonsils, this may be a sign of a pathological process.
Some common examples of oral pathological processes include
- Strep throat
- Herpes simplex virus
- Salivary gland disease
- Oral ulceration
- Burning mouth syndrome
- Oral cancer (the most serious oral pathological process)
- Some autoimmune diseases
Your mouth is one of your body’s most important warning systems. It is important to remember that not all of these symptoms are painful; however, the absence of pain does not mean that a problem does not exist. We would recommend performing an oral cancer self-examination monthly. Your gums should normally look smooth and coral pink in color. Do not ignore any suspicious lumps or sores. If you notice a change in this appearance, it could be an early development of a pathological process. The most serious pathological disease is oral cancer. If you experience any of the above symptoms on your lips, cheeks, palate, or gum tissue around the teeth, tongue, face, and/or neck, you should contact Dr. Hernandez at Fort Lauderdale Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery for an oral evaluation.